A Crime With No Scene: The Cybercrime Dilemma
Experts of the UTMN Institute of State and Law examined digital spaces through the lens of criminal law and described the main types of crimes committed there.
Lilia Ivanova, associate professor of the UTMN Department of Criminal Law and Process, comments:
"The dangers of cyber-crime have been there since the day the digital space was created. However, the pandemic provided more opportunities for cybercriminals: the number of crimes committed in cyberspace has significantly increased. The digital space does not have state borders, and in this case, determining the place of the crime can cause difficulties. Criminal law science struggles to define what is a "crime scene", especially when it comes to crimes committed using information, telecommunications, and computer technologies. Thus this concept is absent from the criminal legislation."
According to Professor Ivanova, a crime scene in the digital space is a digital place for data input and network access where the criminal act took place, regardless of the exact physical place where the socially dangerous consequence has occurred.
The research in this direction is important, since actions that occurred in cyberspace have consequences offline, forgoing borders and influencing different countries. This creates difficulties in determining the location of the crime and, going forward, its persecution. Also, a crime in digital space should be recognized as a common crime in the federal legal system and lead to a more severe consequence than a computer information-related crime.
Source: UTMN Department of Strategic Communications